The Southeast nations had little gold or silver , but they had accumulated a plenitude of pearls to use as decoration and in ritual activities. While Europeans adapted to these diseases, there was no way for Native Americans to acquire those diseases and build up resistances to them. By about the company had built a series of trading posts around the bay. The English hired the men and sponsored an exploratory voyage in In the French successfully established a more permanent presence on the continent, founding Acadia in present-day Nova Scotia. Many of the first major contacts were in Florida and the Gulf coast by Spanish explorers.
First Nations, Northern American Indian Native American, also called American Indian, Amerindian, Amerind, Indian, aboriginal American, or First Nation person, member of any of the aboriginal peoples of the Western Hemisphere , although the term often connotes only those groups whose original territories were in present-day Canada and the United States. They were soon decimated by the effects of epidemic disease, military conquest, and enslavement, and, as with other colonized peoples, they were subject to discriminatory political and legal policies well into the 20th, and even the 21st, century. Each section below considers the location, climate, environment , languages, tribes, and common cultural characteristics of the area before it was heavily colonized. Many California peoples eschewed centralized political structures and instead organized themselves into tribelets, groups of a few hundred to a few thousand people that recognized cultural ties with others but maintained their political independence. Inhabitants built permanent villages that housed hundreds of people and had a sophisticated, stratified social structure. Most of the Plateau peoples lived in small, peaceful villages along streams and riverbanks. Many of the first major contacts were in Florida and the Gulf coast by Spanish explorers.
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Andrew's diaries report that by , a community had been founded which they named St. From this foundation follows the significance of colonialism, and particularly settler colonialism, as the primary form of domination confronted by Native peoples in ongoing struggles for justice. Perhaps the best-known indigenous peoples originally from this region are the Cherokee , Choctaw , Chickasaw , Creek , and Seminole , sometimes referred to as the Five Civilized Tribes. The climate is of the continental type, with warm summers and cold winters. The major agricultural products were corn, beans, squash, and cotton.
Indigenous peoples of the Americas
Description: Subarctic The Subarctic cultures lived among the swampy, piney forests and waterlogged tundra that stretches across much of inland Alaska and Canada. The climate is of the continental type, with warm summers and cold winters. Andrew's diaries report that by , a community had been founded which they named St. They used seal and otter skins to make waterproof clothes and traveled by dogsleds and kayak.